Chapter 4


see index


Inclusion of Values and Environmental Conflicts in the Orotoy Basin

Different perspectives of development, intense transformation processes, and disputes for the access and use of natural resources in a territory result in emerging environmental conflicts.


Strategies for the Integrated Management of Biodiversity

Population increases, along with policies for an extractive economic development, reinforce the need of implementing effective strategies to ensure the protection, mitigation, and prevention of threats and using Colombian biological diversity in an adequate and sustainable fashion


An Approach to Conflicts for Natural Resources

Ecosystem services are the base of human well-being. In this sense, they tend to be valued by different perspectives, resulting in disagreements that turn into environmental conflicts and affect territorial management


Biodiversity and Post-Conflict

After the Colombian peace agreements, prioritized municipalities must be protected and intervened in order to maintain their ecological integrity and capacity of offering benefits to society in the long term


Relationships of Biodiversity, Water, and Energy

Hydroelectric energy is key for Colombia's development. Including biodiversity in project planning and operation could strengthen the competitiveness of the sector


Collective Territories and Biodiversity

The territories in which indigenous, afro-descendant, and peasant communities ownership is legally recognized cover 33.6% of the terrestrial area of Colombia. In order to guarantee the adequate management of their biological and natural richness...


Regional Benefits Related to the Water Resources of High Mountain Ecosystems

The management of paramos must consider those who benefit from the water produced in these ecosystems and the dynamics of the water services supplied. In this way, an inclusive strategy of joint responsibilities to guide management...


Characterization of Ecosystem Services in an Area of Orinoquia's Foothills

The current state of Orinoquia's foothills is the result of a long history of occupation and transformation of its ecosystems. Its management poses a challenge in the search for sustainability and adaptation to global and regional changes.


Wetlands and Human Well-being

All the actions directed towards preventing the loss of wetlands and encouraging research and conservation in these areas will contribute to ensuring the supply of vital ecosystem services. These actions will also assist the...


Making the Invisible Visible

An integrated management of Colombian tropical dry forest should consider that this ecosystem has been devastated and remains invisible in official conservation strategies.


Wild Relatives, Transgenic Organisms, and the Conservation of Genetic Resources

It is important for Colombia to put into question what strategies are being used to evaluate the current and future risk of the introduction of transgenic crops.